Nitrates & Your Drinking Water
If you have nitrates in your drinking water, we can help.
Where do nitrates come from?
The primary source of nitrate contamination in well water is fertilizers that use both potassium nitrate and ammonium nitrate. Less common sources of nitrates include human sewage, livestock manure, and naturally occurring nitrates in well water.
What are the health effects of nitrates?
Ingestion of water containing high nitrate concentrations can be fatal to infants and livestock. Nitrates can also be absorbed through the skin. High levels of nitrates in drinking water can cause Methemoglobinemia in infants, a temporary blood disorder involving oxygen deficiency, also known as “blue baby syndrome. When the nitrate contamination is removed, the effects become reversible. Although extreme levels of nitrates have been associated with central nervous disorders in adults, it should be noted that nitrates are rarely associated with problems in humans older than six months.
We always recommend doing your own research on potential health effects of nitrates and any consumable contamination.
There are two common choices for effective residential nitrate mitigation systems: An ion exchange system for whole-house nitrate mitigation, or a reverse osmosis system for drinking and cooking water, which is usually installed under the kitchen sink.
Testing is needed to check if other water treatment is necessary. Ion exchange and reverse osmosis systems require iron-free water with low hardness to avoid occluding/plugging the nitrate resin and RO membrane.