Bacteria comes in many forms, including coliform bacteria and more concerning forms such as E. Coli and cryptosporidium. Bacteria can be introduced to well water in several ways: plumbing work performed in your home, surface water runoff, or animals. Deep wells can be contaminated by surface water introduced through fissures and channels in the Earth’s crust. It is a lesser-known fact that water reservoirs are capable of creating the perfect environment to stimulate bacteria growth.
The most common form of bacteria treatment is ultraviolet light installation, which kills the bacteria. Chlorine injection is another option, which is equally effective and can be more practical in certain applications.